Analysis of patients with supratentorial primitive neuro-ectodermal tumours entered into the SIOP/UKCCSG PNET 3 study

Barry L Pizer, Claire L Weston, Kathryn J Robinson, David W Ellison, James Ironside, Frank Saran, Linda S Lashford, Diana Tait, Helen Lucraft, David A Walker, Clifford C Bailey, Roger E Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The SIOP PNET 3 study was designed to determine whether 10 weeks of moderately intensive chemotherapy given after surgery and before radiotherapy (RT) would improve the outcome for patients with primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) compared with RT alone. Patients with a histological diagnosis of supratentorial PNET (StPNET) and no radiological evidence of metastatic disease were initially eligible for randomisation to either chemotherapy followed by craniospinal RT 35 Gy in 21 fractions with a boost of 20 Gy in 12 fractions to the primary site, or RT alone. In respect of the increasing recognition that StPNET were high-risk tumours, randomisation for this group closed in November 1999. This analysis includes both randomised and non-randomised patients with StPNET entered into the study database. Sixty-eight patients aged 2.9-16.6 years (median 6.5 years) were included in the analysis (chemotherapy+RT: 44, RT alone: 24). Fifty-four patients (79%) had a non-pineal and 14 (21%) a pineal site. At a median follow-up of 7.4 years, for all patients overall survival (OS) at 3 and 5 years was 54.4% and 48.3%, respectively. Event-free survival (EFS) at 3 and 5 years was 50.0% and 47.0%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in OS or EFS according to treatment received. OS (P=0.05) and EFS (P=0.03) were significantly better for patients with pineal primary sites. EFS for pineal tumours were 92.9% at 3 years and 71.4% at 5 years and for non-pineal primaries 40.7% at 3 years and 40.7% at 5 years. This study confirmed the relatively good survival for non-metastatic pineal PNETs but poor survival of non-pineal StPNETs. There was no evidence that pre-radiation chemotherapy improved outlook. Future treatment programs should be directed at the particular natural history of these tumours, to further define prognostic factors and to explore further biological characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-8
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms

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