We investigated the repertoire of functional T-cell receptor beta-chain variable genes (TRBV genes) in cattle by analysing the nucleotide sequences and predicted amino acid sequences of a set of cDNA clones isolated from lymph node T cells. Thirty-nine distinct TRBV sequences were identified, bringing the total number of recognised bovine TRBV gene segments to more than 40. Sixteen TRBV subgroups were defined based on their sequence homology to each other and to human TRBV genes. All of the main phylogenetic lineages of BV gene subgroups described in humans and mice were represented. Eight of the subgroups were found to contain more than one member. The most striking feature of the results was the large number of sequences (more than half of the sequenced clones) in the BV9 and BV20 subgroups, which were found to contain 12 and 8 distinct sequences, respectively. In contrast, the corresponding human TRBV subfamilies contain a single member. The results indicate that, as in humans, there has been extensive gene duplication within the TRBV locus during evolution. However, duplication of different BV subgroups in cattle has resulted in a TRBV gene repertoire distinct from that found in other species.
- Amino Acid Sequence
- Genes, T-Cell Receptor beta
- Molecular Sequence Data
- Sequence Homology, Amino Acid