Anaphylaxis: epidemiology, aetiology and relevance for the clinic

Sangeeta Dhami, Aziz Sheikh

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Anaphylaxis is responsible for considerable morbidity and may in some cases prove fatal. Areas covered: This review summarises the findings from recent studies on the epidemiology and aetiology of anaphylaxis and draws on the insights from this work and recent international guidelines to consider the implications for clinical care. Acute management of anaphylaxis is centred on early recognition, treatment with adrenaline (epinephrine) and other essential life-support measures. The importance of longer-term care of patients with a history of or at risk of anaphylaxis are also considered with a view to minimising the risk of further reactions. Tailored individual anaphylaxis management plans should be a routine component of this longer-term care with provision of adrenaline auto-injectors to those at risk of further episodes of anaphylaxis. More generally, there is a need to ensure that there are standard protocols in place to ensure that risks of triggering anaphylaxis are minimised and appropriate acute and long-term care are provided if reactions occur. Expert commentary: It is important to be aware that anaphylaxis may occur in patients of any age, sex or ethnicity. Early recognition and prompt treatment with adrenaline are potentially life-saving. Careful assessment of risk and appropriate long-term management are key to improving long-term outcomes in those at risk of repeat episodes of anaphylaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Immunology
Early online date7 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Adrenaline
  • ALLERGY
  • ANAPHYLAXIS
  • HYPERSENSITIVITY
  • GUIDELINES
  • INCIDENCE
  • self-management

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