Anchoring talent to regions: The role of universities in graduate retention through employment and entrepreneurship

Fumi Kitagawa, Chiara Marzocchi, Mabel Sanchez Barrioluengo, Elvira Uyarra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drawing on the concept of human capital externalities, this paper investigates universities’ contribution to regional economies analysing two types of graduate retention: ‘labour retention’ (graduates employed in the region where they studied), and ‘entrepreneurship retention’ (graduates starting-up businesses in the region where they studied). Using a panel of English universities (2010/11-2015/16), it examines the extent to which the diversification and specialization of the knowledge that universities offer influences graduate retention rates across metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Findings show that agglomeration dynamics affect labour and entrepreneurship retention differently, and that HEI knowledge supply (subject specialisation) matters differently across diverse geographical contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalRegional Studies
Early online date9 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • graduate retention
  • graduate entrepreneurship
  • human capital externalities
  • universities
  • subject specialization
  • metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas

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