Anchoring talent to regions: The role of universities in graduate retention through employment and entrepreneurship

Fumi Kitagawa, Chiara Marzocchi, Mabel Sanchez Barrioluengo, Elvira Uyarra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Drawing on the concept of human capital externalities, this paper investigates universities’ contribution to regional economies by analysing two types of graduate retention: labour retention (graduates employed in the region where they studied) and entrepreneurship retention (graduates starting businesses in the region where they studied). Using a panel of English universities (2010/11–2015/16), the paper examines the extent to which the specialization and diversification of universities’ subject mix influences graduate retention rates across urban and non-urban areas. Findings show that agglomeration dynamics affect labour and entrepreneurship retention differently, and that universities’ knowledge offer (subject specialization) matters across diverse geographical contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1014
Number of pages15
JournalRegional Studies
Volume56
Issue number6
Early online date9 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • graduate retention
  • graduate entrepreneurship
  • human capital externalities
  • universities
  • subject specialization
  • metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas

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