Androgen action on renal calcium and phosphate handling: Effects of bisphosphonate treatment and low calcium diet
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Renal calcium and phosphate handling is an important contributor to mineral homeostasis and bone health and the androgen receptor (AR) is highly expressed in the kidney. We investigated the short term eﬀects of androgen deprivation on renal calcium and phosphate reabsorption, independent of their eﬀects on bone. Two weeks following orchidectomy (ORX) of adult mice, bone loss occurred along with hypercalciuria, which was similarly prevented by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone supplementation. Treatment with bisphosphonates prior to ORX also inhibited hypercalciuria, indicating that the calcium ﬂux originated from the bone. Renal calcium and phosphate transporter expression was increased post-ORX, independent of bisphosphonates. Furthermore, an- drogen deprivation appeared to stimulate local synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D3. When bisphosphonate-treated mice were fed a low calcium diet, bone resorption was no longer blocked and secondary hyperparathyroidism de- veloped, which was more pronounced in ORX mice than sham-operated mice. In conclusion, this study shows that androgen deprivation increased renal calcium and phosphate transporter expression, independent of bone, and underlines the importance of adequate intestinal calcium supply in circumstances of androgen deprivation and bisphosphonate treatment.