Androgens and endometrium: New insights and new targets

Ioannis Simitsidellis, Philippa T K Saunders, Douglas A Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Androgens are synthesised in both the ovary and adrenals in women and play an important role in the regulation of female fertility, as well as in the aetiology of disorders such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis and endometrial cancer. The endometrium is an androgen target tissue and the impact of AR-mediated effects has been studied using human endometrial tissue samples and rodent models. In this review we highlight recent evidence that endometrial androgen biosynthesis and intracrine action is important in preparation of a tissue microenvironment that can support implantation and establishment of pregnancy. The impact of androgens on endometrial cell proliferation, in repair of the endometrial wound at the time of menstruation and in endometrial disorders is discussed. Future directions for research focused on AR function as a therapeutic target are considered.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume465
Early online date15 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Review

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Androgens and endometrium: New insights and new targets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this