Antiferromagnetic versus Ferromagnetic Exchange Interactions in Bis(mu-O-oximate)dinickel(II) Units for a Series of Closely Related Cube Shaped Carboxamideoximate-Bridged Ni-4 Complexes. A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Magneto-Structural Study

M. A. Palacios, Antonio J. Mota, Jesus E. Perea-Buceta, Fraser J. White, Euan K. Brechin, Enrique Colacio

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Abstract

The syntheses, crystal structures, and the experimental and theoretical magnetochemical characterization for three tetrametallic Ni(II) clusters, namely, [Ni-4(L)(4)(Cl)(2)(MeOH)(2)](ClO4)(2) center dot 4MeOH (1), [Ni-4(L)(4)(N-3)(2)(MeOH)(2)](ClO4)(2) center dot 2MeOH (2), and [Ni-4(L1)(4)(pyz)(2)(PhCOO)(2)(MeOH)(2)](ClO4)(2) center dot 7MeOH (3) (where HL and HL1 represent bipyridine-2-carboxamideoxime and pyrimidine-2-carboxamideoxime, respectively) are reported. Within the Ni-4(2+) units of these compounds, distorted octahedral Ni(II) ions are bridged by carboxamideoximato ligands to adopt a distorted tetrahedral disposition. The Ni-4(2+) unit, of C-2 symmetry, can also be viewed as a cube with single [O-atom] and double [NO oxime] bridging groups as atom edges, which define two almost square-planar Ni(O)(2)Ni rings and four irregular hexagonal Ni(NO)(2)Ni rings. To analyze the magnetic properties of 1-3, we have considered the simplest two-J model, where J(1) = J(2) (exchange interactions between the Ni(II) ions belonging to the Ni(O)(2)Ni square rings) and J(a) = J(b) = J(c) = J(d) (exchange interactions between the Ni(II) ions belonging to the Ni-(NO)(2)Ni hexagonal rings) with the Hamiltonian H = -J(1)(S1S2 + S3S4) - J(a)(S1S3 + S1S4 + S2S3 + S2S4). The J(1) and J(a) values derived from the fitting of the experimental susceptibility data are -5.8 cm(-1) and -22.1 cm(-1) for 1; -2.4 cm(-1) and -22.8 cm(-1) for 2, and +15.6 cm(-1) and 10.8 cm(-1) for 3. The magneto-structural results and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrate that the exchange interactions inside the Ni(mu-O)(2)Ni square rings depend on the Ni-O-Ni bridging angle (theta) and the out-of-plane angle of the NO oximate bridging group with respect to the Ni(O)(2)Ni plane (tau), whereas the interactions propagated through the Ni N-O(Ni)-Ni exchange pathways defining the side of the hexagonal rings depend on the Ni-N-O-Ni torsion angle (alpha). In both cases, theoretical magneto-structural correlations were obtained, which allow the prediction of the angle for which ferromagnetic interactions are expected. For compound 3, the existence of the axial magnetic exchange pathway through the syn-syn benzoate bridge may also contribute On addition to the theta and tau angles) to the observed F interaction in this compound through orbital countercomplementarity, which has been supported by DFT calculations. Finally, DFT calculations clearly show that the antiferromagnetic exchange increases when the dihedral angle between the O-Ni-O planes of the Ni(mu-O)(2)Ni square ring, beta, increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10156-10165
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010

Keywords

  • TRANSITION-METAL-COMPLEXES
  • NEUTRON-SCATTERING SPECTRA
  • SINGLE-MOLECULE MAGNETISM
  • MIXED MU-ACETATO
  • COPPER(II) COMPLEXES
  • COORDINATION CHEMISTRY
  • BINUCLEAR COMPLEXES
  • COUPLING-CONSTANTS
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES
  • CLUSTER CHEMISTRY

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