Antimicrobial secretions and social immunity in larval burying beetles, Nicrophorus vespilloides

A. N. Arce, Per T. Smiseth, Daniel E. Rozen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Offspring of many animals develop in environments in which they are exposed to high densities of potentially harmful bacteria. For example, larvae of the carrion beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides face significant challenges from the bacteria they encounter during their development on decomposing vertebrate carcasses. We tested the idea that larvae secrete antimicrobial compounds during development to defend themselves against microbial exposure. We first showed that larval secretion of active antimicrobials peaked during the early stages of development. As has been found previously for parental secretions, larval secretions were active against Gram-positive but not Gram-negative bacteria, indicating that they might be based on lysozyme-like compounds. Finally, consistent with this antibacterial activity, we showed that larval survival declined significantly when challenged with lysozyme-resistant Staphylococcus aureus but not when challenged with a lysozyme-susceptible strain of the same species. These results demonstrate that Nicrophorus larvae are not simply passive recipients of social immunity derived from their parents, but that they are active participants in its production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-745
Number of pages5
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • antimicrobial secretion
  • carrion beetle
  • lysozyme
  • Nicrophorus vespilloides
  • social immunity

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