Apoptotic cells induce CD103 expression and immunoregulatory function in myeloid dendritic cell precursors through integrin αv and TGF-β activation

Ailiang Zhang, Helena Paidassi, Adam Lacy-hulbert, John Savill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the mammalian gut CD103+ve myeloid DCs are known to suppress inflammation threatened by luminal bacteria, but stimuli driving DC precursor maturation towards this beneficial phenotype are incompletely understood. We isolated CD11+ve DCs from mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) of healthy mice; CD103+ve DCs were 8–24 fold more likely than CD103-ve DCs to exhibit extensive of prior phagocytosis of apoptotic intestinal epithelial cells. However,
CD103+ve and CD103-ve MLN DCs exhibited similar ex vivo capacity to ingest apoptotic cells, indicating that apoptotic cells might drive immature DC maturation towards the CD103+ve phenotype. When cultured with apoptotic cells, myeloid DC precursors isolated from murine bone marrow and characterised as lineage-ve CD103-ve, displayed enhanced expression of CD103 and β8 integrin and acquired increased capacity to induce T regulatory
lymphocytes (Tregs) after 7d in vitro. However, DC precursors isolated from αv-tie2 mice lacking αv integrins in the myeloid line exhibited reduced binding of apoptotic cells and complete deficiency in the capacity of apoptotic cells and/or latent TGF-β1 to enhance CD103 expression in culture, whereas active TGF-β1 increased DC precursor CD103 expression irrespective of αv expression. Fluorescence microscopy revealed clustering of αv integrin chains and latent TGF-β1 at points of contact between DC precursors and apoptotic cells. We conclude that myeloid DC precursors can deploy αv integrin to orchestrate binding of apoptotic cells, activation of latent TGF-β1 and acquisition of the immunoregulatory CD103 +ve β8+ve DC phenotype. This implies that a hitherto unrecognised consequence of apoptotic cell interaction with myeloid phagocytes is programming that prevents inflammation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0232307
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020

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