Application of the Lithiation-Borylation Reaction to the Preparation of Enantioenriched Allylic Boron Reagents and Subsequent In Situ Conversion into 1,2,4-Trisubstituted Homoallylic Alcohols with Complete Control over All Elements of Stereochemistry

Martin Althaus, Adeem Mahmood, Jose Ramon Suarez, Stephen P. Thomas, Varinder K. Aggarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The reactions of Hoppe's lithiated carbamates with vinylboranes and boronic esters give allylic boranes/boronic esters, and subsequent addition of aldehydes provides a new route to enantioenriched homoallylic alcohols with high enantiomeric ratios and diastereomeric ratios. Specifically, reactions of sparteine-complexed lithiated carbamates with trans-alkenyl-9-BBN derivatives followed by addition of aldehydes gave (2)-anti-homoallylic alcohols in greater than 95:5 er and 99:1 dr. However, in the special case of the methyl-substituted lithiated carbamate, diamine-free conditions were required to achieve high selectivity. Reactions of sparteine-complexed lithiated carbamates with (Z)-alkenyl pinacol boronic esters and (E)-alkenyl neopentyl boronic esters gave (E)-syn- and (E)-anti-homoallylic alcohols, respectively, in greater than 96:4 er and 98:2 dr. In these reactions, a Lewis acid (MgBr2 or BF3 center dot OEt2) was required to promote both the 1,2-metalate rearrangement and the addition of the intermediate allylic boronic ester to the aldehyde. This methodology provides a general route to each of the three classes of homoallylic alcohols with high selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4025-4028
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume132
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2010

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