Approaches to respiratory sleep disorders

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Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) comprises a number of breathing disturbances occurring during sleep including snoring, the obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), central sleep apnoea (CSA) and hypoventilation syndromes. This review focuses on sleep disordered breathing and diagnostic approaches in adults, in particular clinical assessment and overnight assessment during sleep. Although diagnostic approaches to respiratory sleep disorders are reasonably straightforward, they do require a degree of clinical acumen when it comes to assessing severity and management options. Diagnosing respiratory sleep disorders on clinical features alone has limitations. Monitoring and measuring respiration during sleep has undergone many advances in the last 40 years in respect of quality and validity, largely regarding OSAHS. Despite the improvement in our diagnostic standards and recognition of sleep disordered breathing, many limitations still need to be overcome. Apart from assessing the individual patient, population screening for sleep disorders continues to preoccupy health professionals and policy makers in many countries. Research in the field is pushing current boundaries in terms of simplifying diagnosis and enhancing screening for sleep disordered breathing in large populations. At present, a number of these newer approaches require further validation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of thoracic disease
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2015


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