Approaches to vaccination against Theileria parva and Theileria annulata

Vishvanath Nene, W Ivan Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite having different cell tropism, the pathogenesis and immunobiology of the diseases caused by Theileria parva and T. annulata are remarkably similar. Live vaccines have been available for both parasites for over 40 years, but although they provide strong protection, practical disadvantages have limited their widespread application. Efforts to develop alternative vaccines using defined parasite antigens have focused on the sporozoite and intracellular schizont stages of the parasites. Experimental vaccination studies using viral vectors expressing T. parva schizont antigens and T. parva and T. annulata sporozoite antigens incorporated in adjuvant have, in each case, demonstrated protection against parasite challenge in a proportion of vaccinated animals. Current work is investigating alternative antigen delivery systems in an attempt to improve the levels of protection. The genome architecture and protein coding capacity of T. parva and T. annulata are remarkably similar. The major sporozoite surface antigen in both species and most of the schizont antigens are encoded by orthologous genes. The former have been shown to induce species cross-reactive neutralising antibodies and comparison of the schizont antigen orthologues has demonstrated that some of them display high levels of sequence conservation. Hence, advances in development of subunit vaccines against one parasite species are likely to be readily applicable to the other. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-734
JournalParasite Immunology
Volume38
Issue number12
Early online date20 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Vaccination
  • Theileria parva
  • Theileria annulata
  • neutralising antibody
  • CD8 T cell

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