Approximate entropy and auto mutual information analysis of the electroencephalogram in Alzheimer's disease patients

D. Abasolo, J. Escudero, R. Hornero, C. Gomez, P. Espino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analysed the electroencephalogram (EEG) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with two nonlinear methods: approximate entropy (ApEn) and auto mutual information (AMI). ApEn quantifies regularity in data, while AMI detects linear and nonlinear dependencies in time series. EEGs from 11 AD patients and 11 age-matched controls were analysed. ApEn was significantly lower in AD patients at electrodes O1, O2, P3 and P4 (p <0.01). The EEG AMI decreased more slowly with time delays in patients than in controls, with significant differences at electrodes T5, T6, O1, O2, P3 and P4 (p <0.01). The strong correlation between results from both methods shows that the AMI rate of decrease can be used to estimate the regularity in time series. Our work suggests that nonlinear EEG analysis may contribute to increase the insight into brain dysfunction in AD, especially when different time scales are inspected, as is the case with AMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1028
Number of pages10
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • electroencephalogram
  • approximate entropy
  • mutual information
  • nonlinear analysis
  • EEG BACKGROUND ACTIVITY
  • TIME-SERIES
  • COMPLEXITY
  • FLOW
  • CLASSIFICATION
  • ANESTHESIA
  • PREDICTION
  • REGULARITY
  • DEMENTIA
  • DYNAMICS

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