Arranging university semester date to minimize annual CO2 emission: a UK university case study

Zihao Li, Wei Sun*, Yue Xiang, R. Camilla Thomson, Gareth Harrison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Existing methods of reducing carbon emissions on campus often require substantial investment, and the potential opportunities for carbon dioxide and energy savings in universities with existing infrastructure have not been considered in much detail. This work fills this gap by considering an indirect and soft demand response strategy, i.e., semester arrangement. To identify the optimal operational strategy of a realistic campus-level multi vector energy system (MES) in Scotland based on CO 2 emissions, an original tool is presented. Two conclusions can be drawn safely from the case study. Firstly, changing the operational mode of the university could significantly reduce CO 2 emissions. Secondly, considering the difference between average emission factor (AEF) and marginal emission factor (MEF) in the power grid, the different operational modes will bring different electricity/heat demands, and also affect carbon emissions. The work opens up a new perspective for worldwide university operators who are considering reducing CO 2 emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103414
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Dynamic CO2 intensity
  • Carbon emissions
  • Semester arrangement
  • Energy hub
  • Sustainable campus


Dive into the research topics of 'Arranging university semester date to minimize annual CO2 emission: a UK university case study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this