Assessing the Imaging Capabilities of Radial Mechanical and Electronic Echo-endoscopes Using the Resolution Integral

Scott Inglis*, Anna Janeczko, William Ellis, John N. Plevris, Stephen D. Pye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the past decade there have been significant advances in endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) technology. Although there is an expectation that new technology will deliver improved image quality, there are few methods or phantoms available for assessing the capabilities of mechanical and electronic EUS systems. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of assessing the imaging capability of available EUS technologies using measurements of the resolution integral made with an Edinburgh Pipe Phantom. Various radial EUS echo-endoscopes and probes were assessed using an Edinburgh Pipe Phantom. Measurements of the resolution integral (R), depth of field (L-R) and characteristic resolution (D-R) were made at all operating frequencies. The mean R value for Fuji miniprobes was 16.0. The GF-UM20 and GF-UM2000 mechanical radial scopes had mean R values of 24.0 and 28.5, respectively. The two electronic radial echo-endoscopes had similar mean R values of 34.3 and 34.6 for the Olympus GF-UE260 and Fujinon EG-530 UR scopes, respectively. Despite being older technology, the mechanical GF-UM2000 scope had superior characteristic resolution (D-R), but could not compare with the depths of field (L-R) delivered by the current generation of electronic radial scopes, especially at the standard operating frequencies of 7.5 and 12 MHz. (E-mail: (C) 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1896-1907
Number of pages12
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology (UMB)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Edinburgh Pipe Phantom
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Radial
  • Resolution integral


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