Assessment of dementia in minority ethnic groups in Scotland: Results of a survey of cognitive specialists

Somying Tsai, Shuning Ma, Thomas Rune Nielsen, Clara Calia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

OBJECTIVE: Minority ethnic groups (MEGs) in Europe receive suboptimal dementia evaluation, yet related research in Scotland is lacking. This research examined the evaluation of dementia in MEGs in Scotland and compared it with previous research to highlight the changes in the clinical evaluation of dementia over the decade.

DESIGN AND SETTING: A self-administered survey was created online and emailed to 14 Heads of the boards under the Scottish National Health Service and dementia-associated settings and organizations.

RESULTS: Most surveyed centers (85.6%) received MEG referrals. Although 92.9% of the centers used professional translators when needed, 85.7% thought assessing dementia in MEGs was difficult, mostly due to the suitability of test instruments and rating scales and patients' linguistic abilities. Very few found their skills to be good in evaluating MEGs. There was no mention of specialized dementia services for MEGs.

CONCLUSIONS: The lack of culturally appropriate instruments and specialized dementia services reveals that the services are not ready to meet the demand for evaluating patients from diverse cultural and language backgrounds. Inadequate clinical evaluation may lead to misdiagnoses. Therefore, although significant work has been carried out in the past few years, improvements must be continued to enhance the current practices and apply suitable evaluation methods for MEGs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • ethnic minorites
  • dementia
  • cross-cultural
  • Scotland
  • neuropsychology
  • diverse populations
  • inclusion
  • aging
  • old adults


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