OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors affecting unselected population-based BRCA testing in Ashkenazi Jews (AJ).
DESIGN: Cohort-study set within recruitment to the GCaPPS trial (ISRCTN73338115).
SETTING: North London AJ population.
POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Ashkenazi Jews women/men >18 years, recruited through self-referral.
METHODS: Ashkenazi Jews women/men underwent pre-test counselling for BRCA testing through recruitment clinics (clusters). Consenting individuals provided blood samples for BRCA testing. Data were collected on socio-demographic/family history/knowledge/psychological well-being along with benefits/risks/cultural influences (18-item questionnaire measuring 'attitude'). Four-item Likert-scales analysed initial 'interest' and 'intention-to-test' pre-counselling. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression models evaluated factors affecting uptake/interest/intention to undergo BRCA testing. Statistical inference was based on cluster robust standard errors and joint Wald tests for significance. Item-Response Theory and graded-response models modelled responses to 18-item questionnaire.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interest, intention, uptake, attitude towards BRCA testing.
RESULTS: A total of 935 individuals (women = 67%/men = 33%; mean age = 53.8 (SD = 15.02) years) underwent pre-test genetic-counselling. During the pre-counselling, 96% expressed interest in and 60% indicated a clear intention to undergo BRCA testing. Subsequently, 88% opted for BRCA testing. BRCA-related knowledge (P = 0.013) and degree-level education (P = 0.01) were positively and negatively (respectively) associated with intention-to-test. Being married/cohabiting had four-fold higher odds for BRCA testing uptake (P = 0.009). Perceived benefits were associated with higher pre-counselling odds for interest in and intention to undergo BRCA testing. Reduced uncertainty/reassurance were the most important factors contributing to decision-making. Increased importance/concern towards risks/limitations (confidentiality/insurance/emotional impact/inability to prevent cancer/marriage ability/ethnic focus/stigmatisation) were significantly associated with lower odds of uptake of BRCA testing, and discriminated between acceptors and decliners. Male gender/degree-level education (P = 0.001) had weaker correlations, whereas having children showed stronger (P = 0.005) associations with attitudes towards BRCA testing.
CONCLUSIONS: BRCA testing in the AJ population has high acceptability. Pre-test counselling increases awareness of disadvantages/limitations of BRCA testing, influencing final cost-benefit perception and decision-making on undergoing testing.
TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: BRCA testing in Ashkenazi Jews has high acceptability and uptake. Pre-test counselling facilitates informed decision-making.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Early online date||15 Feb 2019|
|Publication status||Published - May 2019|
- Attitude to Health/ethnology
- Cultural Characteristics
- Genes, BRCA1
- Genes, BRCA2
- Genetic Counseling/psychology
- Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology
- Genetic Testing/economics
- Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome/ethnology
- Patient Participation/statistics & numerical data
- Socioeconomic Factors