Augmenting processes with decision intelligence: Principles for integrated modelling

Faruk Hasić*, Johannes De Smedt, Jan Vanthienen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Until recently decisions were mostly modelled within the process. Such an approach was shown to impair the maintainability, scalability, and flexibility of both processes and decisions. Lately, literature is moving towards a separation of concerns between the process and decision model. Most notably, the introduction of the Decision Model and Notation (DMN) standard provides a suitable solution for filling the void of decision representation. This raises the question whether decisions and processes can easily be separated and consistently integrated. We introduce an integrated way of modelling the process, while providing a decision model which encompasses the process in its entirety, rather than focusing on local decision points only. Specifically, this paper contributes formal definitions for decision models and for the integration of processes and decisions. Additionally, inconsistencies between process and decision models are identified and we remedy those inconsistencies by establishing Five Principles for integrated Process and Decision Modelling (5PDM). The principles are subsequently illustrated and validated on a case of a Belgian accounting company.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalDecision Support Systems
Early online date28 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


  • BPMN
  • decision modelling
  • DMN
  • integrated modelling
  • process modelling
  • separation of concerns


Dive into the research topics of 'Augmenting processes with decision intelligence: Principles for integrated modelling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this