Authentic identity as an achievement: A view from discursive psychology

Sue Widdicombe, Yarong Xie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract

This chapter outlines a discursive psychological (DP) approach to authentic identities. DP is the study of how and for what people manage psychological issues such as category membership, identity, and authenticity within sequences of interaction. It assumes that discourse (claims, descriptions, accounts) is constructed and constructive, action oriented, and produced in and for the local context. A DP approach is thus not concerned with who a person “really is,” but how the authenticity of an identity is worked up and what this achieves. We illustrate this approach by (re)analyzing extracts drawn from published studies of youth subcultures, football fans, online discussion forums and support groups. We identify common discursive strategies, such as drawing contrasts with non-genuine members and ascribing the “right” (or wrong) motives or attributes to self, and show how they are used to claim (or reject) the authenticity of various identities. We explain that such claims are “recipient designed”: they require ratification by the interlocutor. They are also “action-oriented” in that they attend to members’ concerns such as interactional and inferential issues. We conclude by summarizing DP’s potential contribution to understanding authentic identities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudies on the Social Construction of Identity and Authenticity
EditorsJ. Patrick Williams, Kaylan C. Schwarz
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter7
Pages107-123
Number of pages18
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9780429027987
ISBN (Print)9780367136765
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in Sociology

Keywords

  • discursive psychology
  • category membership
  • interaction
  • discourse
  • social identity
  • participants' orientation

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