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We describe a new algorithm for analysing security protocols that use XOR, such as key-management APIs. As a case study, we consider the IBM 4758 CCA API, which is widely used in the ATM (cash machine) network. Earlier versions of the CCA API were shown to have serious flaws, and the fixes introduced by IBM in version 2.41 had not previously been formally analysed. We first investigate IBM’s proposals using a model checker for security protocol analysis, uncovering some important issues about their implementation. Having identified configurations we believed to be safe, we describe the formal verification of their security. We first define a new class of protocols, containing in particular all the versions of the CCA API. We then show that secrecy after an unbounded number of sessions is decidable for this class. Implementing the decision procedure requires some improvements, since the procedure is exponential. We describe a change of representation that leads to an implementation able to verify a configuration of the API in a few seconds. As a consequence, we obtain the first security proof of the fixed IBM 4758 CCA API with unbounded sessions.
|Title of host publication||Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems|
|Subtitle of host publication||13th International Conference, TACAS 2007, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2007 Braga, Portugal, March 24 - April 1, 2007. Proceedings|
|Editors||Orna Grumberg, Michael Huth|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin / Heidelberg|
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AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF SECURITY CRITICAL SYSTEMS
1/10/04 → 30/09/07