Availability and accessibility for offshore operations in the Mediterranean Sea

George Lavidas, Atul Agarwal, Vengatesan Venugopal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study uses a 35-year data set, which can be used to provide a long-term assessment for assessing wave power resources, availability for wave energy converters (WECs), and multithreshold accessibility suitable for numerous vessels and important for offshore maintenance operations. The data set demonstrates that winter months have harsher environmental conditions for the Western regions, such as the Spanish coastlines, and the Eastern regions, such as the Aegean Sea, record slightly higher waves during summer months. The data set also identifies the seasons with lower resources, which will have higher accessibility and will benefit offshore construction and maintenance operations for offshore energy activities. It has been shown that the availability for wave energy depends on the operational range of a particular type of WEC; hence, threshold selection affects the availability distribution more than accessibility. Availability varies per region, with Southern Aegean, Southern Italian, and North African coasts having higher monthly values. Accessibility in nearshore areas is constantly over 90%, with deeper waters presenting reduced levels. Statistical analysis performed for this work shows predictable availability due to lower maxima, potentially enhancing WECs operation; this, however, will depend on device properties. Furthermore, the resource analysis indicates that the dominant metocean conditions yield low wave height range.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
Issue number6
Early online date20 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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