Abstract / Description of output
The RNA-binding protein TDP-43 regulates RNA metabolism at multiple levels, including transcription, RNA splicing, and mRNA stability. TDP-43 is a major component of the cytoplasmic inclusions characteristic of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and some types of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. The importance of TDP-43 in disease is underscored by the fact that dominant missense mutations are sufficient to cause disease, although the role of TDP-43 in pathogenesis is unknown. Here we show that TDP-43 forms cytoplasmic mRNP granules that undergo bidirectional, microtubule-dependent transport in neurons in vitro and in vivo and facilitate delivery of target mRNA to distal neuronal compartments. TDP-43 mutations impair this mRNA transport function in vivo and in vitro, including in stem cell-derived motor neurons from ALS patients bearing any one of three different TDP-43 ALS-causing mutations. Thus, TDP-43 mutations that cause ALS lead to partial loss of a novel cytoplasmic function of TDP-43.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- PLURIPOTENT STEM-CELLS
- LIVING CELLS
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- Deanery of Clinical Sciences - MacDonald Chair of Neurology
- Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences
- Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neuron Disease Research
- Centre for Regenerative Medicine
- Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic
- Edinburgh Neuroscience
- Edinburgh Imaging
Person: Academic: Research Active