Balanced adaptive simulation of pollutant transport in Bay of Tangier

Alistair Borthwick, Elmiloud Chaabelasri, Najim Salhi, Imad Elmahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A balanced adaptive scheme is proposed for the numerical solution of the coupled non-linear shallow water equations and depth-averaged advection-diffusion pollutant transport equation. The scheme uses the Roe approximate Riemann solver with centred discretization for advection terms and the Vazquez scheme for source terms. It is designed to handle non-uniform bed topography on triangular unstructured meshes, while satisfying the conservation property. Dynamic mesh adaptation criteria are based on the local pollutant concentration gradients. The model is validated for steady flow over irregular bed topography, recirculation due to a sidewall expansion in a frictionless channel, and pollution advection in a flat-bottomed channel. An idealised application to the simulation of pollution dispersion in the Bay of Tangier, Morocco is presented, which demonstrates the capability of the dynamically adaptive grid model to represent water quality scenarios in a bay of non-uniform bed topography and complicated shoreline.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-19
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Journal of Modelling and Simulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • shallow water equations, pollutant transport, finite volume method, roe solver, dynamic mesh adaptation, unstructured meshes


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