BASAL DINOSAURIFORM AND THEROPOD DINOSAURS FROM THE MID-LATE NORIAN (LATE TRIASSIC) OF POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR TRIASSIC DINOSAUR EVOLUTION AND DISTRIBUTION

Grzegorz Niedzwiedzki, Stephen L. Brusatte, Tomasz Sulej, Richard J. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rise of dinosaurs during the Triassic is a widely studied evolutionary radiation, but there are still many unanswered questions about early dinosaur evolution and biogeography that are hampered by an unevenly sampled Late Triassic fossil record. Although very common in western North America and parts of South America, dinosaur (and more basal dinosauriform) remains are relatively rare in the Upper Triassic deposits of Europe, making any new discoveries critically important. One of the most diverse dinosauriform assemblages from Europe comes from the Porba site in Poland, a recently described locality with exposures of the Zbszynek Beds, which have a palynomorph assemblage characteristic for the mid-late Norian in the biostratigraphic schemes of the Germanic Basin. Using a synapomorphy-based approach, we evaluate several isolated dinosauriform specimens from Porba. This assemblage includes a silesaurid, a herrerasaurid and remains of another type of theropod (potentially a neotheropod). The Porba herrerasaurid is the first record of this rare group of primitive dinosaurs from Europe and one of the youngest records worldwide, whereas the silesaurid is the youngest record of a silesaurid from Europe. These findings indicate that silesaurids persisted alongside true dinosaurs into the mid-late Norian of Europe and that silesaurid-herrerasaurid-neotheropod assemblages (which are also known from the Norian of North America, at low latitudes) were more widespread geographically and latitudinally than previously thought. Silesaurid-herrerasaurid-neotheropod assemblages may have been a common ecological structuring of dinosaurs during their early evolution, and their widespread distribution may indicate weak palaeolatitudinal controls on early dinosaur biogeography during the latest Triassic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1142
Number of pages22
JournalPalaeontology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • dinosaur
  • Herrerasauridae
  • Keuper
  • Silesauridae
  • theropod
  • Triassic
  • ISCHIGUALASTO FORMATION
  • PHYLOGENETIC POSITION
  • NORTH-AMERICA
  • SOUTH-AFRICA
  • NEW-MEXICO
  • ARGENTINA
  • SKELETON
  • ANATOMY
  • ORIGIN
  • SAUROPODOMORPHA

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