Behavior Problems Associated with Pain and Paresthesia

Daniel S Mills*, Fergus M Coutts, Kevin J McPeake

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Pain is a subjective, aversive sensory and emotional experience and can cause or exacerbate problem behaviors. In this review, the biobehavioral model of pain is introduced and used to improve understanding by veterinarians of pain mechanisms and their relationship with problem behaviors. A range of potential indicators of discomfort are presented, illustrated by selected cases from the authors' behavior and pain referral clinics. Various myths exist around pain resulting in barriers to reporting assessment and treatment. Veterinarians should always consider discomfort in any case presenting with a problem behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-69
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
Early online date22 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Adjunctive behavior
  • Discomfort
  • Dysesthesia
  • Pain
  • Paresthesia
  • Problem behavior

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