Benchmarking a two-way coupled coastal wave-current hydrodynamics model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Wave–current interaction phenomena are often represented through coupled model frameworks in ocean modelling. However, benchmarking of these models is scarce, revealing a substantial research challenge. We seek to address this through a selection of cases for coupled wave–current interaction modelling. This comprises a series of analytical and experimental test cases spanning three diverse conditions of wave run-up, one scenario of waves opposing a current flow, and a 2-D arrangement of waves propagating over a submerged bar. We simulate these through coupling the spectral wave model, Simulating WAves Nearshore (SWAN), with the coastal hydrodynamics shallow-water equation model, Thetis, using the Basic Model Interface (BMI) structure. By comparing calibrated versus default parameter settings we identify and highlight calibration uncertainties that emerge across a range of potential applications. Calibrated model results exhibit good correlation against experimental and analytical data, alongside benchmarked wave–current model predictions, where available. Specifically, inter-model comparisons show equivalent accuracy. Finally, the coupled model we developed as part of this work showcases its ability to account for wave–current effects, in a manner extensible to other coupled processes through BMI and applicable to more complex geometries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102193
JournalOcean modelling
Early online date13 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Coupled model
  • Shallow-water equation modelling
  • Spectral wave modelling
  • Validation
  • Wave–current interactions


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