Biallelic variants in DNA2 cause microcephalic primordial dwarfism

Žygimantė Tarnauskaitė, Louise S. Bicknell, Joseph A. Marsh, Jennie E. Murray, David A. Parry, Clare V. Logan, Michael B. Bober, Deepthi C. de Silva, Angela L. Duker, David Sillence, Carol Wise, Andrew P. Jackson, Olga Murina, Martin A. M. Reijns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Microcephalic primordial dwarfism (MPD) is a group of rare single‐gene disorders characterized by the extreme reduction in brain and body size from early development onwards. Proteins encoded by MPD‐associated genes play important roles in fundamental cellular processes, notably genome replication and repair. Here we report the identification of four MPD individuals with biallelic variants in DNA2, which encodes an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)‐dependent helicase/nuclease involved in DNA replication and repair. We demonstrate that the two intronic variants (c.1764‐38_1764‐37ins(53) and c.74+4A>C) found in these individuals substantially impair DNA2 transcript splicing. Additionally, we identify a missense variant (c.1963A>G), affecting a residue of the ATP‐dependent helicase domain that is highly conserved between humans and yeast, with the resulting substitution (p.Thr655Ala) predicted to directly impact ATP/ADP (adenosine diphosphate) binding by DNA2. Our findings support the pathogenicity of these variants as biallelic hypomorphic mutations, establishing DNA2 as an MPD disease gene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1070
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume40
Issue number8
Early online date2 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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