Bidirectional associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms from adolescence through early adulthood

Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12.9 years at baseline, 56% female, n = 577) and older (M age = 15.9 years at baseline, 57% female, n = 1,325) adolescent cohorts assessed as part of Project Eating Among Teens and Young Adults. Associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms were examined using cross-lagged models. For females, the dominant directionality was for body dissatisfaction predicting later depressive symptoms. For males, the picture was more complex, with developmentally sensitive associations in which depressive symptoms predicted later body dissatisfaction in early adolescence and early adulthood, but the reverse association was dominant during middle adolescence. These findings suggest that interventions should be tailored to dynamic risk profiles that shift over adolescence and early adulthood, and that targeting body dissatisfaction at key periods during development may have downstream impacts on depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1447-1458
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume30
Issue number4
Early online date16 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • body image
  • internalising symptoms
  • psychopathology
  • BMI
  • cross-lagged

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Bidirectional associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms from adolescence through early adulthood'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this