Binary mixture droplet wetting on micro-structure decorated surfaces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Liquid surface tension as well as solid structure play a paramount role on the intimate wetting and non-wetting regimes and interactions between liquids droplets and solid substrates. We hypothesise that the coupling of these two variables, independently addressed in the past, eventually offer a wider range of understanding to the surface science and interfacial communities.

In this work, intrinsically hydrophobic micro-pillared surfaces varying in the spacing between structures, and pure ethanol, pure water and their binary mixtures (as well as acetone–water and ethylene glycol–water mixtures) are utilised, accessing a wide range of substrate solid fractions and liquid surface tensions experimentally. Wettability measurements are carried out at different azimuthal directions to exemplify the wetting/non-wetting behaviour as well as the droplet asymmetry function of both liquid composition and structure spacing.

Our findings reveal that high water concentration droplets, i.e., high surface tension fluids, sit in the Cassie-Baxter regime while partial non-wetting Wenzel or mixed-mode regimes with enhanced droplet asymmetry ensuing for medium and high ethanol concentrations, i.e., low surface tension fluids, below certain micropillar spacing. Beyond micropillar spacing s ≥ 40 µm, the impact of the surface structure on the droplet shape is negligible, and droplets adopt a similar contact angle and circular shape as on a flat smooth hydrophobic surface. Wetting and non-wetting regimes are then supported by classical wetting theories and equations. A wetting regime map for a wide range of surface tension fluids and/or their mixtures on a wide domain of solid fractions is then proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-805
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume612
Early online date29 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Binary mixture
  • Geometrical footprint
  • Microstructured surfaces
  • Interfacial phenomena
  • Cassie-Baxter
  • Non-wetting Wenzel
  • Wetting regime map

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