Biochemical and phenotypic characterization of the ovine beta 2 (leucocyte) integrins

V K Gupta, I McConnell, M Pepin, W C Davis, R G Dalziel, J Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the relationship of the three distinct members of the ovine beta 2-integrin family of leucocyte adhesion molecules that play an important role in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. A panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for sheep and cattle macrophages was characterized by flow cytometry, immunohistology, and immunoprecipitation for reactivity to the beta 2 integrins. Immunoprecipitation analysis of sheep antigens showed that these monoclonal antibodies could be divided into four distinct groups. All precipitated an M(r) 95,000 beta chain but they differed in the size or number (or both) of the alpha chains recognized. Group 1 precipitated alpha chains of M(r) 180,000; group 2 had M(r) 170,000 alpha chains; the group 3 alpha chain was of M(r) 150,000 and group 4 mAbs precipitated alpha chains of all three sizes. The relationship between these antibodies was demonstrated by sequential immunoprecipitation, which showed that the reactivities of antibodies in groups 1, 2 and 3 were mutually exclusive but that group 4 antibodies shared a common specificity with the other three groups. By analogy with the human and murine beta 2 integrin families, group 1 antibodies seemed to be specific for CD11a (LFA-1); group 2 were CD11b (CR3 or Mac1); group 3 were CD11c (CR4 or p150/95) and group 4 were CD18. In addition to different molecular weights, these antibodies had different cellular and tissue distributions. CD11a and CD18 were distributed identically. The antigens recognized by both were present on all the leucocyte populations. The mAbs recognizing CD11b reacted with a sub-population of peripheral blood B lymphocytes and all myeloid cells (alveolar macrophages, peripheral blood monocytes and granulocytes) except afferent lymph dendritic cells (ADC). Anti-CD11c (p 150/95 or CR4) antibodies reacted strongly with macrophages and ADC but were weakly reactive on monocytes and negative on neutrophils. CD11c was also present on a sub-population of peripheral blood B cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-49
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Comparative Pathology
Volume112
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 1995

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD18
  • Cattle
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Leukocytes
  • Lymphoid Tissue
  • Organ Specificity
  • Phenotype
  • Sheep

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