Biodegradation of explosives by transgenic plants expressing pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase

C E French, S J Rosser, G J Davies, S Nicklin, N C Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plants offer many advantages over bacteria as agents for bioremediation; however, they typically lack the degradative capabilities of specially selected bacterial strains. Transgenic plants expressing microbial degradative enzymes could combine the advantages of both systems. To investigate this possibility in the context of bioremediation of explosive residues, we generated transgenic tobacco plants expressing pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase, an enzyme derived from an explosive-degrading bacterium that enables degradation of nitrate ester and nitroaromatic explosives. Seeds from transgenic plants were able to germinate and grow in the presence of 1 mM glycerol trinitrate (GTN) or 0.05 mM trinitrotoluene, at concentrations that inhibited germination and growth of wild-type seeds. Transgenic seedlings grown in liquid medium with 1 mM GTN showed more rapid and complete denitration of GTN than wild-type seedlings. This example suggests that transgenic plants expressing microbial degradative genes may provide a generally applicable strategy for bioremediation of organic pollutants in soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-494
Number of pages4
JournalNature Biotechnology
Volume17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1999

Cite this