Bioelectrical impedance analysis in the measurement of the body composition of surgical patients

K C Fearon, R A Richardson, J Hannan, S Cowan, W Watson, A Shenkin, O J Garden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The evaluation of nutritional status in surgical patients remains a difficult problem. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a new method of body composition analysis which is easily performed at the bedside. This study determined the accuracy of BIA in the measurement of total body water (TBW) and potassium (TBK) in a heterogeneous group of surgical patients. The resistance and reactance components of impedance were measured with a whole body impedance analyser. Tritiated water dilution and whole body monitoring were the reference methods for TBW and TBK analysis. With the BIA technique the coefficient of variation for the estimation of TBW was 8.1 per cent and for TBK was 6.4 per cent. Allowing for the errors of the reference methods these results show that BIA is of limited value in the estimation of TBW but may provide a useful index of TBK.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-3
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume79
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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