The evaluation of nutritional status in surgical patients remains a difficult problem. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a new method of body composition analysis which is easily performed at the bedside. This study determined the accuracy of BIA in the measurement of total body water (TBW) and potassium (TBK) in a heterogeneous group of surgical patients. The resistance and reactance components of impedance were measured with a whole body impedance analyser. Tritiated water dilution and whole body monitoring were the reference methods for TBW and TBK analysis. With the BIA technique the coefficient of variation for the estimation of TBW was 8.1 per cent and for TBK was 6.4 per cent. Allowing for the errors of the reference methods these results show that BIA is of limited value in the estimation of TBW but may provide a useful index of TBK.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||British Journal of Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|