Boron-doped diamond anodic treatment of olive mill wastewaters

Efthalia Chatzisymeon, Nikolaos P. Xekoukoulotakis, Evan Diamadopoulos, Alexandros Katsaounis, Dionissios Mantzavinos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The electrochemical treatment of olive mill wastewaters (OMW) over boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes was investigated. A factorial design methodology was implemented to evaluate the statistically important operating parameters, amongst initial COD load (1000-5000 mg/L), treatment time (1-4 h), current intensity (10-20 A), initial pH (4-6) and the use of 500 mg/L H(2)O(2) as an additional oxidant, on treatment efficiency; the latter was assessed in terms of COD, phenols, aromatics and color removal. Of the five parameters tested, the first two had a considerable effect on COD removal. Hence, analysis was repeated at more intense conditions, i.e. initial COD values up to 10,000 mg/L and reaction times up to 7 h and a simple model was developed and validated to predict COD evolution profiles. The model suggests that the rate of COD degradation is zero order regarding its concentration and agrees well with an electrochemical model for the anodic oxidation of organics over BDD developed elsewhere. The treatability of the undiluted effluent (40,000 mg/L COD) was tested at 20 A for 15 h yielding 19% COD and 36% phenols' removal respectively with a specific energy consumption of 96 kW h/kg COD removed. Aerobic biodegradability and ecotoxicity assays were also performed to assess the respective effects of electrochemical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3999-4009
Number of pages11
JournalWater Research
Volume43
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Boron-doped diamond
  • Electrolysis
  • Factorial design
  • Olive mill wastewater
  • Biodegradability
  • WASTE-WATER TREATMENT
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION
  • PHENOLIC-COMPOUNDS
  • ELECTRODES
  • ELECTROCOAGULATION
  • DETOXIFICATION
  • EFFLUENTS

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