BOVINE T-CELLS PREFERENTIALLY RECOGNIZE NONVIRAL SPACER EPITOPES IN A PUTATIVE FMDV VACCINAL PEPTIDE

EJ GLASS*, P MILLAR

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a group of immunized cattle with a variety of MHC class II types, T-cell responses were detected to a synthetic peptide (FMD V15) proposed as a basis for a vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease. This peptide combines the loop region of VPI with the C-terminal sequence connected by a spacer (PPS). Two major immunodominant regions of FMD V15 for bovine T cells were detected one within the loop region and the other around the spacer. A substantial proportion of the T-cell response to FMDV15 was directed to the spacer region in 5/12 animals, and in vitro generation of FMDV15-specific T cells preferentially selected for spacer-specific T cells. This pattern of response was associated with a particular MHC class II type which is very common in cattle. Focusing of the T-cell response to non-native virus epitopes may explain why FMDV15 is inefficient at inducing protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-229
Number of pages5
JournalVaccine
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1995

Keywords

  • FMDV
  • SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES
  • T CELLS
  • CATTLE
  • MOUTH-DISEASE VIRUS
  • B-CELL
  • PROTECTION
  • RESPONSES
  • IMMUNIZATION
  • ANTIBODIES
  • SEROTYPES
  • PROTEIN

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