In a group of immunized cattle with a variety of MHC class II types, T-cell responses were detected to a synthetic peptide (FMD V15) proposed as a basis for a vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease. This peptide combines the loop region of VPI with the C-terminal sequence connected by a spacer (PPS). Two major immunodominant regions of FMD V15 for bovine T cells were detected one within the loop region and the other around the spacer. A substantial proportion of the T-cell response to FMDV15 was directed to the spacer region in 5/12 animals, and in vitro generation of FMDV15-specific T cells preferentially selected for spacer-specific T cells. This pattern of response was associated with a particular MHC class II type which is very common in cattle. Focusing of the T-cell response to non-native virus epitopes may explain why FMDV15 is inefficient at inducing protection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1995|
- SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES
- T CELLS
- MOUTH-DISEASE VIRUS