BRCA1 5382insC mutation in sporadic and familial breast and ovarian carcinoma in Scotland

P Mullen, W R Miller, J Mackay, D R Fitzpatrick, S P Langdon, J P Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A restriction site-generating polymerase chain reaction (RG-PCR) assay was developed to detect the BRCA1 5382insC mutation that has been reported in multiple, apparently unrelated breast/ovarian carcinoma families. The assay has been used to screen tumour DNA from 250 breast cancer patients (aged 19-86 years) and from 80 ovarian cancer patients (aged 25-90 years) in a local population of patients with no known family history. Altogether, 0/80 (0%) ovarian and 1/250 (0.4%) breast tumour DNAs were found to have the 5382insC mutation. The sole positive case was a 26-year-old woman (BC185) with no known family history. One of the reasons for carrying out this analysis was that the 5382insC mutation had previously been shown to segregate with the disease in a very large Scottish 'West Lothian' kindred having breast/ovarian carcinoma. To investigate whether this apparently isolated case and the known family might be related, haplotypes for the markers D17S855, D17S1322, D17S1323 and D17S1327 were analysed. The mutant haplotype in the large kindred was identical to that reported in all other 5382insC mutation families for all markers with the exception of D17S1327. This implies that there has been a recombination event at the telomeric end of common ancestral haplotype in this family. Since the isolated case we identified carries the 'complete' common haplotype, it is unlikely that she is closely related to the West Lothian family.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1380
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume75
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Female
  • Genes, BRCA1
  • Germ-Line Mutation
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Scotland

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