Breadth of the CD4+ T cell response to Anaplasma marginale VirB9-1, VirB9-2 and VirB10 and MHC class II DR and DQ restriction elements

Kaitlyn Morse, Junzo Norimine, Jayne C Hope, Wendy C Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

MHC class II molecules influence antigen-specific CD4+ T lymphocyte responses primed by immunization and infection. CD4+ T cell responses are important for controlling infection by many bacterial pathogens including Anaplasma marginale and are observed in cattle immunized with the protective A. marginale outer membrane (OM) vaccine. Immunogenic proteins that comprise the protective OM vaccine include type IV secretion system (T4SS) proteins VirB9-1, VirB9-2 and VirB10, candidates for inclusion in a multiepitope vaccine. Our goal was to determine the breadth of the VirB9-1, VirB9-2 and VirB10 T cell response and MHC class II restriction elements in six cattle with different MHC class II haplotypes defined by DRB3, DQA and DQB allele combinations for each animal. Overlapping peptides spanning each T4SS protein were tested in T cell proliferation assays with autologous antigen-presenting cells (APC) and artificial APC expressing combinations of bovine DR and DQ molecules. Twenty immunostimulatory peptides were identified; three representing two or more epitopes in VirB9-1, ten representing eight or more epitopes in VirB9-2 and seven representing seven or more epitopes in VirB10. Of the eight DRA/DRB3 molecules, four presented 15 peptides, which was biased as DRA/DRB3*1201 presented ten and DRA/DRB3*1101 presented four peptides. Four DQA/DQB molecules composed of two intrahaplotype and two interhaplotype pairs presented seven peptides, of which five were uniquely presented by DQ molecules. In addition, three functional mixed isotype (DQA/DRB3) restriction elements were identified. The immunogenicity and broad MHC class II presentation of multiple VirB9-1, VirB9-2 and VirB10 peptide epitopes justify their testing as a multiepitope vaccine against A. marginale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-523
Number of pages17
Issue number7
Early online date24 Feb 2012
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Anaplasma marginale
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Secretion Systems
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epitopes
  • Female
  • HLA-DQ Antigens
  • HLA-DR Antigens
  • Haplotypes
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class II
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptides
  • Transfection
  • Virulence Factors


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