Bridge fires in the 21st Century: A literature review  

Jiayu Hu, Richard O. Carvel, Asif Usmani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Bridge failures due to fires are more common than failures due to extreme weather or earthquakes. Yet, unlike wind and earthquake loading, fire does not receive the same level of attention. Major 21st Century fire incidents involving bridges are listed and discussed. Various methods by which fire could be considered in design are reviewed and discussed. Sources of fire test data, which include only one full scale fire test to-date, are provided. It is hoped that by considering these factors, codes, standards and engineering practice could be updated to include consideration of fire in routine bridge design.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103487
JournalFire Safety Journal
Early online date9 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • bridge fires
  • Bridge fire accidents
  • Vehicle fire models
  • Performance based engineering
  • Numerical Simulation
  • structural response


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