We address the problem of devising vision-based feature extraction for the purpose of localisation on resource constrained robots that nonetheless require reasonably agile visual processing. We present modifications to a state-of-the-art Feature Extraction Algorithm (FEA) called Binary Robust Invariant Scalable Keypoints (BRISK) . A key aspect of our contribution is the combined use of BRISK0 and U-BRISK as the FEA detector-descriptor pair for the purpose of localisation. We present a novel scoring function to find optimal parameters for this FEA. Also, we present two novel geometric matching constraints that serve to remove invalid interest point matches, which is key to keeping computations tractable. This work is evaluated using images captured on the Nao humanoid robot. In experiments, we show that the proposed procedure outperforms a previously implemented state-of-the-art vision-based FEA called 1D SURF (developed by the rUNSWift RoboCup SPL team), on the basis of accuracy and generalisation performance. Our experiments include data from indoor and outdoor environments, including a comparison to datasets such as based on Google Streetview.
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|