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This article considers the problem of automatic paragraph segmentation. The task is relevant for speech-to-text applications whose output transcipts do not usually contain punctuation or paragraph indentation and are naturally difficult to read and process. Text-to-text generation applications (e.g., summarization) could also benefit from an automatic paragaraph segementation mechanism which indicates topic shifts and provides visual targets to the reader. We present a paragraph segmentation model which exploits a variety of knowledge sources (including textual cues, syntactic and discourse-related information) and evaluate its performance in different languages and domains. Our experiments demonstrate that the proposed approach significantly outperforms our baselines and in many cases comes to within a few percent of human performance. Finally, we integrate our method with a single document summarizer and show that it is useful for structuring the output of automatically generated text.
|Number of pages||35|
|Journal||ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|