Brucellosis in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current challenges for management, diagnosis and control

M Ducrotoy, W J Bertu, G Matope, S Cadmus, R Conde-Álvarez, A M Gusi, S Welburn, R Ocholi, J M Blasco, I Moriyón

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella and affecting domestic and wild mammals. In this paper, the bacteriological and serological evidence of brucellosis in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and its epidemiological characteristics are discussed. The tools available for the diagnosis and treatment of human brucellosis and for the diagnosis and control of animal brucellosis and their applicability in the context of SSA are presented and gaps identified. These gaps concern mostly the need for simpler and more affordable antimicrobial treatments against human brucellosis, the development of a B. melitensis vaccine that could circumvent the drawbacks of the currently available Rev 1 vaccine, and the investigation of serological diagnostic tests for camel brucellosis and wildlife. Strategies for the implementation of animal vaccination are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Tropica
Early online date10 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2015

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