A microfilarial sheath protein gene (shp2) coding for the major constituent of the insoluble, cross-linked sheath remnant (SR) from Brugia malayi, Brugia pahangi and Litomosoides carinii has been cloned and sequenced, based on peptide partial amino-acid sequences. All three closely related single-copy shp2 genes in the two genera carry a single intron in identical position; shp2 mRNAs are post-transcriptionally modified by both cis-splicing and trans-splicing. In accordance with their extracellular destinations the encoded proteins include signal peptide sequences; molecular masses of approx. 23 kDa are hence predicted for the mature secreted polypeptides. In their structures sheath matrix proteins shp2 may be regarded as extreme cases of a modular constitution, since these proteins largely consist of two different segments of multiple sequence repetitions, PAA and QYPQAP (or QYPQ), separated by elements of unique sequence. Extreme insolubility and cross-linking are likely to originate from these repetitive sequences within shp2, and to constitute the basic properties of a microfilarial matrix largely consisting of an shp2 network.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|