Cryptococcus neoformans (Cn) is an important human pathogen and a model system for basidiomycetes. Here we carry out a dissection of its spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), focusing on Bub1 and Bub3. In many eukaryotes, including humans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Bub1 underwent gene duplication, generating paralogues referred to as Bub1 and BubR1 (or Mad3). Bub1 has upstream signalling functions at kinetochores, whilst BubR1/Mad3 is a component of the downstream mitotic checkpoint complex (MCC) that delays anaphase onset until all chromosomes are correctly attached. Here we demonstrate that the single CnBub1 protein carries out all the checkpoint roles of both Bub1 kinase and Mad3/BubR1. Proteomic analysis reveals kinetochore targeting via Spc105KNL1 and interactions with all downstream SAC components and effectors (Cdc20 and the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome). We demonstrate that CnBub1 kinase activity is required to maintain prolonged checkpoint arrest. Thus CnBub1 acts as a SAC signalling hub and is a future target for anti-mitotic drugs.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.
|Publisher||Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press|