Buckling analysis of aluminium alloy structures accounting for friction stir welding effects

R. M.F. Paulo, P. Carlone, R. A.F. Valente, F. Teixeira-Dias, G. S. Palazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The joining of aluminium alloy parts using welding techniques can be responsible for changes in the final structures such as geometrical distortions, variation of material properties and residual stresses. These effects can influence the strength of structures and must be taken into account at the design stage. The main objective of the work, described in this paper, is to assess the influence of friction stir welding processes on the load capacity of a stiffened panel subjected to longitudinal compressive loads. A numerical model, based on a finite element approach and simulating the friction stir welding process, is developed in order to evaluate these induced effects on a stiffened panel structure. Afterwards, a compressive load is applied on the structure until the collapse load is reached. The results are compared with those coming from a model not including welding simulation. It is inferred that welding effects (namely, residual stresses and material properties changes) can strongly reduce the collapse load level of the studied structure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCivil-Comp Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Aluminium alloy 2024-T3
  • Buckling
  • Collapse load
  • Contour method
  • Finite element analysis
  • Friction stir welding
  • Residual stresses
  • Stiffened panel
  • Thermal softening


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