Camouflage and Display for Soft Machines

Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, Sen Wai Kwok, Adam Stokes, Alex Nemiroski, George M. Whitesides (Group Leader)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Synthetic systems cannot easily mimic the color-changing abilities of animals such as cephalopods. Soft machines—machines fabricated from soft polymers and flexible reinforcing sheets—are rapidly increasing in functionality. This manuscript describes simple microfluidic networks that can change the color, contrast, pattern, apparent shape, luminescence, and surface temperature of soft machines for camouflage and display. The color of these microfluidic networks can be changed simultaneously in the visible and infrared—a capability that organisms do not have. These strategies begin to imitate the functions, although not the anatomies, of color-changing animals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)828
Number of pages832
Issue number6096
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2012


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