Can the magmatic conditions of the Martian nakhlites be discerned via investigation of clinopyroxene and olivine intra‐crystalline misorientations?

S. Griffin, L. Daly, S. Piazolo, L. V. Forman, B. E. Cohen, M. R. Lee, P. W. Trimby, R. J. Baumgartner, G. K. Benedix, B. Hoefnagels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deformation is a near ubiquitous process that is observed within nearly all naturally forming rocks. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is a technique that enables slip-systems (a form of plastic deformation) to be inferred from intra-crystalline misorientations at a comparable scale to representative CPO analysis (≥300 crystals for the nakhlites). Extensive laboratory and studies on naturally occurring samples have identified preferential mantle condition extrinsic parameters for specific slip-system signatures within olivine and clinopyroxene. Intra-crystalline misorientation patterns for olivine and augite (high Ca-clinopyroxene) for 16 different Martian nakhlite meteorites (21 sections) were analysed and assessed against these known parameters. Investigation of high and low deformation regions within the nakhlites revealed a shift in intra-crystalline misorientation patterns for 10 of the 21 sections. Interpreted as both shock (high deformations) and emplacement (low deformation) signatures. The observed variations in deformation patterns for the two main regimes of deformation indicate heterogeneous sampling of the nakhlite ejecta crater. Our findings indicate that shock deformation is prevalent throughout the nakhlites, and that great care needs to be taken when interpreting intra-crystalline misorientations of crystals within apparent lower deformation regions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021JE007082
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume127
Issue number6
Early online date5 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Can the magmatic conditions of the Martian nakhlites be discerned via investigation of clinopyroxene and olivine intra‐crystalline misorientations?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this