Cancer treatment in childhood and testicular function: the role of the somatic environment

Jan-Bernd Stukenborg, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Marsida Hutka, Rod T Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Testicular function and future fertility may be affected by cancer treatment during childhood. Whilst survival of the germ (stem) cells is critical for ensuring the potential for fertility in these patients, the somatic cell populations also play a crucial role in providing a suitable environment to support germ cell maintenance and subsequent development. Regulation of the spermatogonial stem cell niche involves many signaling pathways with hormonal influence from the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. In this review, we describe the somatic cell populations that comprise the testicular germ stem cell niche in human and how they may be affected by cancer treatment during childhood. We also discuss the experimental models that may be utilized to manipulate the somatic environment and report the results of studies that investigate the potential role of somatic cells in protection of the germ cells in the testis from cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEndocrine connections
Early online date19 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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