Candidate cell substrates, vaccine production, and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies

Pedro Piccardo, Larisa Cervenakova, Irina Vasilyeva, Oksana Yakovleva, Igor Bacik, Juraj Cervenak, Carroll McKenzie, Lubica Kurillova, Luisa Gregori, Kitty Pomeroy, David M Asher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) agents have contaminated human tissue-derived medical products, human blood components, and animal vaccines. The objective of this study was to determine the potential susceptibility to infection of 5 cell lines used or proposed for manufacture of biological products, as well as other lines. Cell lines were exposed to the infectious agents of sporadic and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Exposed cultures were tested for TSE-associated prion protein (PrP(TSE)) and TSE infectivity by assay in rodents and nonhuman primates. No PrP(TSE) or infectivity has been detected in any exposed cell line under study so far. Animals inoculated with BSE brain homogenate developed typical spongiform encephalopathy. In contrast, animals inoculated with cells exposed to the BSE agent remained asymptomatic. All cell lines we studied resisted infection with 3 TSE agents, including the BSE agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2262-9
Number of pages8
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Biological Assay
  • CHO Cells
  • Cattle
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Line
  • Cercopithecus aethiops
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dogs
  • Drug Contamination
  • Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Prion Diseases
  • Prions
  • Saimiri
  • Scrapie
  • Vaccines
  • Vero Cells


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