Capture-Recapture Abundance Estimation using a Semi-complete Data Likelihood Approach

Ruth King, Brett Thomas McClintock, Darren Kidney, David Louis Borchers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Capture-recapture data are often collected when abundance estimation is of interest. In this manuscript we focus on abundance estimation of closed populations. In the presence of unobserved individual heterogeneity, specifed on a continuous scale for the capture probabilities, the likelihood is not generally available in closed form, but expressible only as an analytically intractable integral. Model-fitting algorithms to estimate abundance most notably include a numerical approximation for the likelihood or use of a Bayesian data augmentation technique considering the complete data likelihood. We consider a Bayesian hybrid approach, defining a "semi-complete" data likelihood, composed of the product of a complete data likelihood component for individuals seen at least once within the study and a marginal data likelihood component for the individuals not seen within the study, approximated using numerical integration. This approach combines the advantages of the two different approaches, with the semi-complete likelihood component specified as a single integral (over the dimension of the individual heterogeneity component). In addition, the models can be fitted within BUGS/JAGS (commonly used for the Bayesian complete data likelihood approach) but with significantly improved computational efficiency compared to the commonly used super-population data augmentation approaches (between about 10 and 77 times more efficient in the two examples we consider). The semi-complete likelihood approach is flexible and applicable to a range of models, including spatially explicit capture-recapture models. The model-fitting approach is applied to two different datasets: the first relates to snowshoe hares where model Mh is applied and the second to gibbons where a spatially explicit capture-recapture model is applied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-285
JournalAnnals of Applied Statistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2016


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