Carbon dioxide accounting: 2014 Commonwealth Games Atheletes’ Village

Jennifer Sampson, Mark Biesta, Martin Crapper, Iain Hall, Alan Shepherd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A spreadsheet-based tool for whole-life carbon dioxide accounting of soil remediation projects has been created. The tool carries out whole-life analysis of projects, including supply chain emissions. It was applied to the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games Athletes' Village remediation project, for which a calculated total ‘carbon footprint’ of 2328 t of carbon dioxide equivalent emission (tCO2e) was obtained. This is 71 tCO2e/ha of the site or 13·3 kgCO2e/t whole life of soil treated. These figures are not comparable with those reported for other projects, which have typically not included supply chain emissions. Fuel use was the main contributor to emissions, but the contribution made by staff transport and carbon dioxide embodied in construction plant was also found to be significant. A comparison was made with an excavate and disposal (E&D) approach, which required considerable use of estimation for the hypothetical E&D. However, it was determined that the carbon footprint of E&D may have been 14% higher than the soil washing actually used. It was concluded that fuel efficiency would be key to future reduction of the carbon footprint of remediation projects, that the accounting tool would be useful for ongoing project management, and its application over time could lead to a database of values for optioneering at the process design stage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-160
JournalProceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability
Issue number3
Early online date20 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • sustainability
  • land reclamation


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