Carbon taxation and feed-in tariffs: evaluating the effect of network and market properties on policy effectiveness

Temitayo Oderinwale, Adriaan Hendrik van der Weijde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper evaluates how the effect of introducing a carbon emission tax and/or feed-in tariffs on capacity expansion decisions of generating companies varies depending on the number and size of competing firms and technical conditions of the network. To do so, it uses a Nash–Cournot model of the electricity market. This model is then applied to the IEEE 6-bus network. We study three cases: one with only a carbon tax consistent with current carbon prices; one with only a feed-in tariff consistent with current US levels, and one with simultaneous carbon taxation and feed-in tariff. We show that, at least in our case, the quantity of renewable capacity expansion and the electricity prices depend more significantly on the technical conditions of the network and the number of competitors in the market than it depends on the presence of economic penalties or incentives. We also show how interactions between imperfectly competitive markets and physical networks can produce counterintuitive results, such as an increase in consumer prices as a result of a reduction in network congestion. Our results imply that no two countries would experience the same effects from a policy on carbon tax and feed-in tariff if their electricity market does not have similarities in technical and competitive conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623–642
Number of pages20
JournalEnergy Systems
Issue number3
Early online date13 Sep 2016
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2017


  • electricity markets
  • competition
  • carbon taxatopm
  • Feed-in tariff
  • capacity expansion


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